Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2023  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 88--95

Prognostic significance of poison-related factors and consumption patterns in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning


Lokhesh Chockalingam Anbalagan, Ashok Kumar Pannu, Ashish Bhalla, Deba Prasad Dhibar, Navneet Sharma 
 Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashish Bhalla
4th Floor, F Block, Nehru Hospital, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
India

OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of acute aluminum phosphide poisoning is usually based on toxidrome features, with little focus on poison-related factors. We aimed to study the prognostic significance of poison-related factors, consumption patterns, and time delays to treatment. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study in an academic hospital in North India in patients aged ≥ 13 with aluminum phosphide poisoning from July 2019 to December 2020. During data collection, a particular emphasis was made on the poison formulation, the ingested dose, the reconstitution of poison, vomiting, and time intervals to initiate various treatments. The primary outcome was inhospital mortality. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were enrolled (median age, 32 years; 37 males). The mean dose of the ingested poison was 6.56 (±5.42) g. The predominant formulation of poison was pellet (n = 41), followed by powder (n = 16). Twenty patients performed reconstitution of poison before consumption, and 13 stirred the poison while reconstituting. All patients but three developed vomiting after consumption. Inhospital mortality (n = 23, 39%) was significantly high with a higher ingested dose (P < 0.001), nonstirred reconstitution before consumption (P = 0.042), fewer vomiting episodes (P = 0.010), a delay in detection of the victim by someone (P = 0.001), and delayed initiation of intravenous fluids (P = 0.043). The secondary outcomes (shock and requirement of vasopressor or ventilation) remained unaffected by the stirring in the reconstitution group. CONCLUSIONS: Poison-related factors and time intervals determine early risk stratification at admission in aluminum phosphide poisoning.


How to cite this article:
Anbalagan LC, Pannu AK, Bhalla A, Dhibar DP, Sharma N. Prognostic significance of poison-related factors and consumption patterns in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning.Turk J Emerg Med 2023;23:88-95


How to cite this URL:
Anbalagan LC, Pannu AK, Bhalla A, Dhibar DP, Sharma N. Prognostic significance of poison-related factors and consumption patterns in acute aluminum phosphide poisoning. Turk J Emerg Med [serial online] 2023 [cited 2023 May 29 ];23:88-95
Available from: https://www.turkjemergmed.org/article.asp?issn=2452-2473;year=2023;volume=23;issue=2;spage=88;epage=95;aulast=Anbalagan;type=0