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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-117

A case report on rectus sheath hematoma in an intubated COVID-19 patient

Department of Emergency and Trauma, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Jalan Hospital, Petaling, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhasyani Nagaretnam
Department of Emergency and Trauma, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Jalan Hospital, Sungai Buloh, Petaling, Selangor
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2452-2473.342807

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Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is a life-threatening condition. Its pathology lies behind its unique anatomy. Critically ill COVID-19 patients are managed in the emergency department for longer periods while awaiting critical care admission. Therefore, more complex procedures such as prone positioning are performed in the emergency department to ensure patient care continues. We report this case of RSH in an intubated critically ill COVID-19 patient requiring prone position. During her stay in the Emergency Department Acute Care Unit, she developed anemia, uremia, and worsening hypoxia. Emergency contrast-enhanced computed tomography leads to our diagnosis of RSH. She was treated with a conservative approach and blood transfusion. We would like to highlight this case for its diagnostic complexity since this ventilated patient required both biochemical and radiological markers to diagnose RSH in combination with high suspicion levels. RSH must be considered in patients with risk factors such as prone position and anticoagulant usage. Last, a holistic approach to critically ill patients will not only benefit patients but also health-care profession. The direction of care should be decided based on the patient's condition, imaging, and hospital resources.

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