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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-43

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation experiences during COVID-19 pandemic, third wave with younger patients: A retrospective observational study

1 Department of Chest Diseases, Division of Intensive Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
2 Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
3 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ahmet Oğuzhan Kucuk
KTU School Of Medicine, Farabi Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Trabzon
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2452-2473.336106

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OBJECTIVES: In this article, the results of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases followed with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in a 3-month period in the third wave when there were an increased number of cases of young patients in our intensive care unit (ICU) were presented. METHODS: The study was carried out with all COVID-19 patients who were given ECMO support in our tertiary referral hospital ICU after obtaining the consent of the Ministry of Health Scientific Research Platform and after the approval of the local ethics committee. Patient data were obtained retrospectively from intensive care bedside follow-up charts and computer records. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were presented in average, median, and percentages. The data of the patients were evaluated and compared with the current literature. RESULTS: ECMO treatment was applied in seven patients who were followed up with severe COVID-19 pneumonia in the last 3 months. Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) was applied to all patients. Five (71.5%) of seven patients were weaned from ECMO. Four (57.2%) of seven patients were discharged from the ICU and hospital in good health. While two of the patients had a cesarean section (C/S) before ECMO, one patient underwent C/S under ECMO. All three newborns were delivered via C/S and all were premature (C/S dates were 35 weeks, 32 weeks, and 27 weeks), and all were discharged from the hospital in good health. CONCLUSION: Our experience shows that ECMO in COVID-19 patients is a lifesaving treatment option that can be successfully applied in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome cases who do not respond to conventional treatments.

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